The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is also an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, which is held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees.
It is one of twenty-five Liberty Townships statewide.
Liberty Township was formed from the Connecticut Western Reserve. It was established as a township in 1806. The first settler in the township was thought to be Henry Swager in 1798. Four villages grew within its borders: Girard, Churchill, Sodom, and Seceders Corners. In 1860, coal was discovered on Alexander McCleery’s farm becoming a major industry in the area for the next forty years.
According to the 2010 Census numbers, Liberty Township (the unincorporated areas, excluding the city of Girard) has 5,029 households and 3,337 families.
The racial makeup of the unincorporated areas of the township is roughly 78.4% White, 17.7% Black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 0.26% American Indian or Alaska Native, 2.2% of two or more races. 2.2% identify themselves as Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Records suggest that in the township (excluding Girard), 26.1% of the households have children under the age of 18. Of households with children under the age of 18, 59.8% are married couples living together, 30.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 2.1% are non-families. Meanwhile, 28.1% of all households comprise a single person, and 12.3% of households comprise a person over 65 years of age living alone. For every 100 females, there are 92.7 males. The median age is 46 years. The average household size is 2.35 and the average family size is 2.86.